NATO Expansionism Context: Understanding the history of NATO’s challenge to the security posture of Russia would help identify the roots of the ongoing conflict. It might also provide a clearer picture of what institutional arrangements and assurances the Kremlin could accept as sufficient to pull […]

Russia-Europe Energy Relationship

Russia-Europe Energy Relationship   Context: Russia’s invasion on Ukraine has invited unprecedented sanctions, in this context it is important to know the relationship between Russia and Europe. Even though Europe is moving towards carbon neutral economy, it is still dependent on Natural Gas, so it […]


Kavach   About Kavach   Kavach or “armor” is the indigenously-developed system that prevents collisions between trains. It is also known as Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS). It is being developed since 2012 and in 2016 first field trials were conducted. At present, it is […]

Cyber Armageddon

Cyber Armageddon   Context: Military and cyber experts fear that the Russian-Ukrainian conflict would lead to cyberattacks, resulting in a “cyber Armageddon” with serious consequences for civilians in Ukraine and Russia, as well as the rest of the world, due to a spillover effect. Following […]

SCADA System

SCADA System   Context: Union Minister for Jal Shakti Gajendra Singh Sekhawat has said that the canal gates of projects under Krishna Bhagya Jal Nigam Limited (KBJNL) are being controlled by remote technology that connects with the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System to ensure […]


HANSA-NG Context: HANSA-NG successfully completes sea level trials at Puducherry HANSA-NG achieves an important milestone towards Type Certification by DGCA   About: India’s first indigenous Flying Trainer HANSA-NG designed and developed by CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore under the aegis of Council of Scientific and Industrial […]