‘Need Right Strategies in Right Groups’
About Monkey Pox
- It is a viral zoonotic disease (transmission from animals to humans), caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
- It was first reported amongst humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1970.
- It is mainly transmitted through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal.
- Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor.
- Human-to-human transmission could be caused by skin lesions of an infected person, close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
- Its fatality rate is about 10% and is highly contagious.
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations to spearhead the matters of global public health.
- Established on April 7th, 1948, its headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
- The World Health Assembly is the highest decision-making body of the WHO.
- It reports to the Economic and Social Council in accordance with any agreement between the Organization and the United Nations.
WHO about Monkeypox
- The WHO has announced the ongoing monkeypox transmission as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
What is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- As per the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) a Public Health Emergency of International Concern is, “an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other States through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response”.
- This definition implies a situation that is:
- Serious, sudden, unusual or unexpected;
- Carries implications for public health beyond the affected State’s national border; and
- May require immediate international action.
Source The Hindu
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