Urbanisation and Climate Change

Climate talks as shortchanging international law #GS-03 Climate Change For Mains Developing Countries and Climate Change: There are three problems with the current negotiating process. First, citizens in developed countries are not even aware that two-thirds of their national emissions of carbon dioxide come from […]

Square Kilometre Array Observatory

Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO) #GS-03 Science and Technology For Prelims Square Kilometre Array Observatory (SKAO): SKAO is a new intergovernmental organisation dedicated to radio astronomy and is headquartered in the UK. At the moment, organisations from ten countries are a part of the SKAO. […]

Unemployment and the Pandemic

Unemployment and the Pandemic #GS-03 Economic Development For Prelims: Reports of International Labour Organisation (ILO): Global Wage Report 2022-2023: The Impact of inflation and COVID-19 on wages and purchasing power’. This discusses the twin crises, inflation and economic slowdown, which created a “striking fall” in […]

Soil Quality and Food Security

Poor soil management will erode food security #GS-03 Agriculture  For Prelims World Soil Day: World Soil Day (WSD) is annually observed on December 5. Theme: ‘Soils: Where food begins’ For Mains The importance of soil quality: Healthy soils support healthy plant growth to enhance both […]


e-Rupee #GS-03 Economy  For Prelims RBI and Digital Currency: The Reserve Bank of India this week launched the digital rupee on a pilot basis. The digital currency will be offered by a select group of public and private banks in a few major cities initially, […]

Yunxian Man skulls

Yunxian Man skulls #GS-03 Science and Technology For Prelims Yunxian Man skulls: Yunxian Man skulls were unearthed in 1989 and 1990 and belong to the species Homo Erectus. Like the Javanese fossils, they are large, big-brained skulls. Homo Erectus: Homo erectus is an extinct species […]

Samruddhi Mahamarg

Samruddhi Mahamarg #GS-03 Infrastructure For Prelims: Samruddhi Mahamarg: Officially named the “Hindu Hruday Samrat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Highway”, the expressway is to connect Nagpur to Mumbai. This six-lane access-controlled road, designed for a top speed of 150 kmph, is the second expressway in the […]

Road Safety and Environment

Safer roads for a greener, more sustainable environment  #GS-03 Environment  For Mains Road accidents vs Environment: In 2021, India reported 4,03,116 crashes, each of which adversely impacted the environment in various ways and in different degrees. Most vehicles contain toxic metals such as lead, mercury, […]

Layoffs and Recession

Layoffs and Recession #GS-03 Economy For Prelims: What is Recession? In simple terms recession is when economy stops growing and starts shrinking. Technically recession is when the GDP growth rate of a country is negative for two consecutive quarters or more. A significant fall in […]

Freshwater Turtles

Freshwater Turtles #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Turtle vs Tortoise: All tortoises are turtles—that is, they belong to the order Testudines or Chelonia, reptiles having bodies encased in a bony shell—but not all turtles are tortoises. The most important thing to remember about tortoises is […]