‘Teesta delay holding up Hilsa fish supply to India’
About Teesta River
- Teesta river is a tributary of the Brahmaputra which originates in the Tso Lhamo Lake near Chunthang, Sikkim and flows to West Bengal before entering Bangladesh and merging with Brahmaputra.
- Teesta river water conflict is one of the most contentious issues between India and Bangladesh.
- There are two major large barrages on Teesta that diverts water for mainly irrigation purpose which are:
- a)Gajoldobha in India
- b)Duani in Bangladesh.
|Major Tributaries of Teesta River|
|Left-bank Tributaries||Right-bank Tributaries|
|Lachung Chhu||Zemu Chhu|
|Chakung Chhu||Rangyong Chhu|
|Dik Chhu||Rangit River|
About Hilsa Fish
IUCN status: Least Concerned
- Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is a species of fish in the family Clupeidae.
- It is also the national fish of Bangladesh.
- The largest number of these fishes are found in the Ganga Brahmaputra delta while a smaller number is found in Godavari River as well.
- Bangladesh is the top hilsa-producing country in the world, followed by Myanmar and then India.
Other bilateral issues between India and Bangladesh
About Chittagong Hill Tracts [CHT] Accord:
- Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) Accord was signed in 1997 between The government of Bangladesh and Parbatya Chattogram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS) representing Jumma indigenous people especially the Chakma People.
- Chakmas are a group of predominantly Buddhist community who lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
- They fled erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1964-65 and came to India and have since settled in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The refugees were given voting rights in 2004.
- In 2015, the Supreme Court asked the Union Government to grant citizenship to Chakmas who had migrated from Bangladesh in 1964-69.
- The Rohingya people are stateless, Indo-Aryan ethnic group who migrated from present day Bangladesh during the colonial era to the Rakhine State, Myanmar.
- They are described by the United Nations as the most persecuted minority in the world.
- They have fled from Myanmar due racial conflicts and a large number of Rohingyas are settled in Bhasan Char Island in Bangladesh.
To know more about history of Bangladesh click here.
Source The Hindu
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