Defence Ministry to switch to locally built OS in computers amid threats

Defence Ministry to switch to locally built OS in computers amid threats

Defence Ministry to switch to locally built OS in computers amid threats

Context : 

The Defence Ministry has made the decision to replace the Microsoft Operating System (OS) in all computers connected to the Internet with a new OS, Maya, based on open-source Ubuntu developed locally, in response to the rising number of cyber and malware attacks on the country’s defence as well as critical infrastructure.

What are the malware and Ransomware attacks?

  • Malware is any software that is used to access IT systems without authorization to steal data, interfere with system functions, or harm IT networks in any other manner. 
  • Malware called ransomware is made to prevent a user or business from accessing files on a computer. Cyberattackers put businesses in a situation where paying the ransom is the quickest and least expensive option to recover access to their files by encrypting these files and requesting a ransom payment for the decryption key.

What was the motivation behind the development of Maya OS?

  • Increasing cyber and malware attacks on defence and critical infrastructure prompted the Defence Ministry to take action.
  • The decision to replace Microsoft OS with a new open-source OS called Maya was based on Ubuntu.
  • Maya aims to enhance cybersecurity and protect against malware attacks.

What is Maya OS?

  • The Indian Union Ministry of Defence developed the operating system known as Maya OS. Its main objective is to strengthen the cybersecurity protections for the nation’s computer systems, especially those in the Defense Ministry. 
  • This operating system uses free and widely accessible software components because it is based on the open-source Ubuntu platform.
  • By giving a user interface and features that are familiar to Windows users, Maya OS seeks to provide a strong defence against online threats. 
  • Users who are used to the Windows environment will migrate more easily thanks to this familiarity.

What are the features of Maya OS?

  • Users can move to Maya easily thanks to its Windows-like functionality and interface.
  • Maya, which was created domestically, always worries about reliance on foreign software.
  • A prompt response to cybersecurity concerns is demonstrated by swift development within six months.
  • The ease of switching to Maya on Windows reduces user reluctance.

What are the security enhancements provided by the Maya?

  • An additional layer of security is provided by the endpoint detection and protection system “Chakravyuh.”
  • The function of Chakravyuh is to locate and neutralize any threats within the Defense Ministry’s systems.
  • Chakravyuh and Maya’s implementation together create a thorough defence against online attacks.

Which services implemented Maya OS on a trial basis?

  • The Navy has already approved Maya for use within its network.
  • The Army and Air Force are evaluating Maya for compatibility with their respective service networks.
  • Collaboration among the three Services indicates a unified approach to adopting the new OS.

What are the advantages of the Maya OS?

  • Enhanced Cybersecurity: Maya OS is built with cybersecurity in mind, making it more resistant to different cyber threats like malware, viruses, and hacking attempts. By isolating users from potential online threats, the Chakravyuh feature gives an added degree of protection.
  • Familiar User Interface: Similar to the widely popular Windows operating system in terms of functionality and user interface is Maya OS. Because of their familiarity, users can switch to Maya OS more easily and quickly, potentially increasing productivity and user happiness.
  • Open-Source Foundation: Since Maya OS is based on the free and open-source Ubuntu operating system, it can take advantage of the community’s contributions and assistance. This may result in more frequent updates, enhancements, and security patches, as well as lower development costs.
  • Data Breach Prevention: The Chakravyuh function of Maya OS, which adds a virtual barrier between users and the internet, can aid in preventing illegal access to important data. This is essential, especially in the defence and government industries where protecting sensitive information is of utmost importance.
  • Reduced Dependence on Proprietary Software: Maya OS may be able to lessen reliance on expensive proprietary software licenses by using open-source components. This can result in financial savings for businesses deploying Maya OS.
  • Support from the Community: Maya OS’s open-source nature can help to create a community of programmers, security specialists, and enthusiasts who work to enhance and secure it. An operating system that is more safe and stable as a result of this group effort.
  • Strengthening of National Cybersecurity: The Union Ministry of Defence in India can improve the nation’s overall cybersecurity infrastructure and lessen reliance on potentially risky foreign technologies by creating a safe operating system.

What is the future potential for Maya OS?

  • The creation of a domestic OS demonstrates the nation’s capacity for innovation in the field of cybersecurity.
  • The action demonstrates a dedication to defending national interests and lowering reliance on foreign software.
  • Maya’s successful implementation could serve as a model for other businesses and government organizations looking to implement comparable security measures.
  • The knowledge gained from this attempt may help other sectors enhance their cybersecurity procedures.

In conclusion, the Defence Ministry’s choice to switch from Microsoft OS to Maya and adopt the Chakravyuh security system shows that it is taking a comprehensive approach to tackling cybersecurity issues. The Defense Ministry seeks to lessen cyber risks and improve the resilience of vital infrastructure by placing a priority on national security, service collaboration, and innovative solutions.