Indian Grey Wolves
- The Indian grey wolves are one of the oldest wolf lineages in the world. With only 3,100 wolves remaining in India, they could be the next to disappear.
About the Indian Grey Wolves:
- The Indian wolf is a subspecies of grey wolf that ranges from Southwest Asia to the Indian Subcontinent.
- It is intermediate in size between the Himalayan wolf and the Arabian wolf, and lacks the former’s luxuriant winter coat due to it living in warmer conditions.
- They are smaller and leaner compared to their European and American counterparts.
- The Indian wolf is highly adapted to the hot, arid plains of the subcontinent.
- In India, wolves are in the same category of endangerment as tigers.
What are the reasons behind endangerment?
- One of the main reasons for it is the habitat loss which has resulted in its endangerment in India.
- Its habitat primarily being the barren wastelands are all being diverted for development purposes.
- It is a matter of sorrow that there is no dedicated sanctuary or a reserve to protect the specie.
- They are also under threat from its enemy specie i.e the dog, they share a very bad relationship.
- And also due to its inability to find a partner, the wolves mate with the dogs and resulted in dog-wolf hybrids.
- This is an existential threat to the specie, which may lead to the specie being completely extinct.
- Each and every organism in an ecosystem is dependent on each other for their survival.
- Similarly, pastoral nomadic communities living in various parts of the country play a huge role in protecting the wolves.
- And also its natural habitat must be increased in order to protect the specie.
Source The Hindu
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